Screen printing is one of the different ways of transferring designs by forcing printing ink or paste using a squeegee through a screen block that is specially prepared to register a print on a substrate such as paper, fabric, leather, t-shirt etc. It is also referred to as Mitography or Serigraphy. This screen printing Australia technique is popularly used by several artists and most printing houses for their project execution because it can be used in printing on all kinds of surfaces such as plastics, papers, clothes, glass, leather, rubber, wood etc
There are two major types of screens that are used in screen printing. The permanent screens they have a longer span and if they are properly maintained they can last forever. They can be used in treating over hundreds to thousands of jobs.
The temporal scales, on the other hand, can be used for a very short period of time. They are best used for registering a limited or single print on papers and clothes. They are easily prepared and they don’t require lots of investment or effort. Some of the examples of temporal strains are candle wax screens and paper stencil screens
There are numerous means of developing screens for printing. A couple of these have been detailed in the discussion below.
There are different ways of developing screens for printing. Some of these methods have been detailed in the discussion below
- Paper Stencil Screen Preparation – The paper stencil screen is very much similar to the stencil paper relation though this is more like an extension. This involves the transfer of the finished design onto the paper to be used when cutting out the positive areas of the paper. The prepared stencil will get attached to the stretched screen block using the master tape. You will find sufficient allowance that serves as ink reservoirs. Then the screen is ready for printing.
- Shellac Screen/Candle Wax screen/Lacquer screen preparation – It is important you know that the process of preparation in his methods of screen preparation is Similar. The obvious difference is the material used when coating the negative parts of the screen which could either be shellac, molten wax or lacquer. The final design is then moved onto the stretched screen block. Using a brush, apply the theme shellac, lacquer or molten wax to block the negative parts of the design. The Lacquered screens are much more economical and durable in terms of quantity and quality. There are the best for bold and simple designs.
- Photographic Screen Preparation– The photographic screen preparation involves using light in developing or perhaps bringing out the designs onto a screen. The source of light can either be artificial or natural. Therefore, there are two different methods of making a photographic screen. Thus, the use of structural support initiative or exposing box and the use of solar energy. List two methods the screen have to be coated in a very dark room with a solution of the photo with a solution of photo emulsion in mixture with some kind of sensitizer. The screen is then placed in the darkroom for drying.